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Fly Patterns
Wet Flies


(Designed by Kelly Davison)



Hook:      Daiichi 2220, #6-#8

Thread:   MFC 8/0, Red

Tail:        Red Hackle Fibres

Body:     Yellow Crystal Chenille

Hackle:   Red or Brown Saddle

Wing:     Teal Flank Fibres Topped with 4-6 Strands of pearlescent Crystal Flash


Tying Note:  Experiment with different colors and color combinations of Crystal Chenille. 


Kelly Davison’s K.C.K. (Kelly’s Coho Killer) has been a long standing favourite for targeting returning Coho on the rivers and sloughs of the Fraser Valley.  The K.C.K. is a modern example of a wet fly, a tying discipline that has slipped in popularity in recent years.  With the evolution and growth of nymph patterns wet fly patterns have taken a back seat.  Despite this pattern shift wet flies are still worthwhile additions to any fly box, be it lake, stream or river for returning salmon and steelhead or resident trout. 


With a long standing history over 100 years old, pre dating dry flies, wet flies are still popular choices in many areas of the world today such as the British Isles.  Using teams of wet flies from a drifting boat is a common tactic for lochs and lakes.  Here in Canada traditional wet flies including the Dark Montreal, McGinty and Red Ibis are still popular in Quebec and the Maritime Provinces.  Here in the west wet flies seem to have established a last bastion amongst steelhead and salmon fly fishers. Stillwater fly fishers may beg to differ as the venerable Doc Spratley is still a popular selection.  Wet flies suggest a variety of prey items including emerging aquatic insects and drowned terrestrials.  Brighter patterns elicit an aggressive territorial response and are favourite attractor choices.


Typically simple dressings, wet flies do have proportional considerations to ensure patterns swim true in order to garner a grab.  Tails are typically one half the shank in length and can be constructed from a variety of materials.  Quill sections and hackle fibre tails are the most popular choices.  Many wet fly patterns feature ribbing of some kind.  Ribbing suggests body segmentation, a degree of attraction or reinforcement.  Four turns of ribbing is considered standard.  Wet fly bodies occupy the shank from the rear of the barb forward to the hook eye.  A variety of materials can be used including yarns, floss and dubbing.  Modern synthetics have made their mark as well.  The Crystal Chenille body of the K.C.K is one example.  As most wet flies tend to become their most complicated and crowded at the head make a habit of stopping the body two eye widths back from the hook eye.  This simple practice provides ample room for hackle, wings and the formation of a neat tapered head.


Hackle is an important wet fly component.  Most wet flies feature soft hackle such as hen, partridge or guinea providing life suggesting motion.  Cock hackle, such as cheaper Chinese or Indian necks and saddles also work.  Pattern recipe or tiers preference typically dictates. Do not be afraid to experiment.  There are a number of different hackling styles depending upon the pattern itself or the tiers preference.  The Doc Spratley’s characteristic guinea throat is an example of a beard hackle.  The K.C.K., as with many wet fly patterns incorporates a semi circular hackle where the fibres radiate around the lower half of the fly.  Other wet flies feature full hackles that radiate around the circumference of the pattern.  No matter the style hackle fibre tips should extend no further than the hook point unless specified. 


There is a knack to getting wet hackles correct.  Begin by tying in the feather wet fly style with the convex, shiny or most prominently marked side of the feather facing the tyer along the side cocked back toward the tail on an angle.  Leave a small section of exposed stem visible at the tie in point.  This technique helps position the feather during the initial wrap.  Wind the hackle forward a maximum of 4 wraps directly in front of the body so the hackle fibres flow back along the body.  Sparse hackled wet flies work best.  Use the thumb and forefinger to sweep, hold and pinch the fibres down and back to form a semi circular hackle.  Keep the upper section of the fly clear for the wing.  Secure the swept hackle into place with a minimum of wraps to avoid excess thread build up and large crowded heads.  Beard hackles can also be formed by stripping a section of fibres from the side of a feather and binding them in place along the “chin” of the fly. 


A diversity of materials also factor into wing construction.  Marabou, hackle fibres, hair, fur, tail fibres and quill slips are popular choices.  Wet fly wings typically extend between one half the length of the tail or to the tip of the tail.  Once again pattern specifics or tyer preference plays a role.  Effort must be made to place the wing squarely on top of the hook to ensure proper tracking.  Use the thumb and forefinger to pinch and hold the wing materials in place on top of the shank.  Surround the wing materials with 2 loose but controlled wraps of thread.  Once the wing materials are encompassed with tying thread apply pressure to secure. This practice results in the thread pressure being applied from all directions onto the material, using too much thread tension before the material roll the wing out of position over to the far side of the hook due to thread torque.  If necessary seat the wing into position by gently wiggling the tips and the butts after the initial tie in.  Apply additional secure wraps progressively forward once the butts have been trimmed to avoid knocking the wing out of position.  Trim the butts on a tapered to aid in the completion of the head.

Tying Instructions


1) Cover the hook shank with tying thread.  Strip a clump of hackle fibers from a red saddle or neck hackle.  Tie the hackle fiber clump in place at the rear of the shank to form the tail.  The finished tail should be half the shank in length.




2) Tie in the Crystal Chenille body material at the end of the hook.  Twist the Crystal Chenille so the fibers radiate perpendicular to its core.  Wind the Crystal Chenille forward in close touching turns to form the body.  Use the thumb and forefinger to sweep the Crystal Chenille fibers back to avoid trapping them down.  Tie off and trim the excess Crystal Chenille 2 eye widths back from the hook eye.  Avoid crowding the head.



3) Select a suitably sized hackle so that the tips of the hackle fibers extend back to the hook point.  Tie in the hackle “wet fly” style with the shiny or convex side of the feather facing the fly tyer.



4) Wind the hackle 3 to 4 times directly in front of the body, tie off and remove the excess feather.  Using the thumb and forefinger sweep the hackle fibers down and back and hold them in place with a pinch.  Secure the hackle fibers in a swept back position with tying thread so there is a clear path on top of the fly for the wing.



5) Tie in the teal flank fiber wing directly on top of the fly.  Trim the waste ends on an angle to aid in the formation of a neat tapered head.  Tie in 2 to 4 strands of Crystal Hair for the topping.



6) Form a neat head, whip finish and apply head cement.  Some types of thread can be twisted counter clockwise when looking from above to flatten the thread wraps.  This trick provides flat coverage with a minimum of thread build up.

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